Skip to content

After cross-country crash in Sochi, a lesson in crying

Feb 12, 2014, 8:25 PM EDT

XXcrash Getty Images

OCHI — Here’s a tricky one: Why do people cry when they are happy? This comes up a lot at the Olympics, as my wife Margo will break into tears at pretty much any point, including during the commercials. A couple of weeks ago, after watching figure skater Jason Brown pull off a near-flawless program at the trials, she broke down in tears. The best part was that when telling us about it later, she broke down in tears again.

This column will lead, by the way, to a story that definitely will make Margo cry again.

Why do we cry when we are happy? It turns out this is actually quite an involved question. I have an emigo — an email friend — named Indre Viskontas, who is both a neuroscientist and an opera singer, which makes her, more or less, the most amazing person on Earth. She is also a new mother, so she was up in the middle of the night to offer a pretty involved answer to this question.

The neurological reason we cry when happy, she says, relates to the “parasympathetic nervous system — the part of the autonomic nervous system that calms us down.” Which is exactly what I was thinking? One theory is that the system cannot really differentiate between different emotions; it only knows when it is emotionally overloaded. So the emotion could be fear, sadness, anger, pain or joy and if that emotion is intense enough it can trigger tears as a release.

“Usually, crying from joy comes after a stressful event – and signals the switch from fight or flight to relief and relaxation,” Viskontas says. “The more stressful the event, the greater the opposite response when the stress is relieved.”

That explains why everyone cried at the end of “Toy Story 3.” You know (spoiler alert), the toys were almost incinerated and then they were destined for the attic and instead they ended up at that little girls house, and Woody was going to go with Andy to college but instead … Okay, I have to stop now.

VIDEO: Broken ski doesn’t stop Gafarov from finishing

The more fascinating question is the psychological one. Why do we cry at all? There are disagreements. Viskontas says one theory is that crying is our body’s response to a perception of helplessness. You have to stretch a bit, though, to connect that with happy crying. A second theory is that crying is tied to other variable personality traits. This makes a lot of sense, since different people are more or less likely to cry.

But I think the most interesting theory is that crying connects us with each other. In this theory, we cry as a way to bond, a way to link our sadness or anger or fear or joy with the world. This idea speaks to me. Happy crying seems to me to come from a deep connection with someone or something, whether it’s Woody and Buzz getting a new child to play with at the end of “Toy Story 3,” or Dan Jansen winning that speed skating gold medal after a career of heartbreak, or that “Thank You Mom” commercial that shows mothers raising children who become Olympians. It’s as if simple happiness is not big enough to express the connection with something graceful or kind or plainly decent. So people cry.

That connection is particularly powerful for many at the Olympics. Everyone knows that the Olympic Games overflow with all sorts of negative things — corruption, waste, greed, on and on — but there is a strain of innocence and wonder, too. This is why so many people around the world care. The athletes, mostly, are not millionaires. They are regular people you know, people who have real jobs, people who sacrifice because they truly love their sports and deeply believe in an Olympic ideal they formed when they were children.

Russia’s Anton Gafarov is this kind of athlete. He’s a 27-year-old cross-country skier, and this is his first Olympics. He was not really a medal contender, but being able to compete here was incredibly important to him. “I couldn’t imagine my life without skiing,” he told reporters. “For me, skiing is like breathing.”

VIDEO: Cross country sprint has crazy finish

But Gafarov wanted to finish the race. So he pulled himself along. The sprint lasts about three and a half minutes. And so when the others had finished, he was still in the middle of the course, fighting his way step by step. It just didn’t seem like he would get there.

And then someone raced up to him. He was carrying a ski. That was Justin Wadsworth, the Canadian head coach. Wadsworth is actually an American — he’s a three-time U.S. Olympian — and he has a reputation as an open and warm person. He had taken the job to help build Canada’s fledgling cross-country team (no Canadian man has ever won an Olympic cross-country medal). Wadsworth’s team didn’t do too well on Tuesday — not one Canadian reaching the semifinal — and he wasn’t in the best mood.

But then, while rushing out to catch the end of the semifinal, he saw Gafarov trying to move forward. “It was like watching an animal stuck in a trap,” Wadsworth told the Toronto Star. Instinctively, he found a spare ski, and he rushed down to Gafarov.

Neither man said a word. There wasn’t anything to say. Gafarov stopped. Wadsworth kneeled down and removed the old ski. He put the new one on. And Gafarov took off toward the end.

Gafarov finished the race long after everyone else. But he finished.

“I wanted him to have dignity as he crossed the finish line,” Wadsworth said. He did not really understand why this was a story. Anyone would do it, he said.

But this is the thing, isn’t it? Anyone might wish they did it. But only one man actually did.

And right now, back in America, Margo is crying because – well, because maybe it is a way to connect with people and with something beautiful. Or maybe it’s just a parasympathetic nervous system response to a sweet story. Either way, it’s only a matter of time before the Olympics make her cry again.

 

Latest Posts
  1. Bond between Gabby Douglas, Simone Biles

    Aug 22, 2014, 6:47 PM EDT

    Gabby Douglas Getty Images

    Douglas and Biles became fast friends rooming together in June.

  2. U.S. coach aids Solomon Islands triathlete in Youth Olympic sportsmanship

    Aug 22, 2014, 1:40 PM EDT

    Boris Teddy

    U.S. coach noticed a bent, old bike and decided something had to be done.

  3. U.S. Youth Olympic basketball team crushing opponents

    Aug 22, 2014, 11:54 AM EDT

    Katie Lou Samuelson Getty Images

    U.S. women undefeated in six games so far.

  4. U.S. flag bearer Kendall Yount wins Youth Olympic gold

    Aug 21, 2014, 6:08 PM EDT

    Kendall Yount Getty Images

    A U.S. Summer Olympic Opening Ceremony flag bearer hasn’t won individual Olympic gold since 1960.

  5. Sam Mikulak leads one of most decorated P&G Championships fields ever

    Aug 21, 2014, 5:01 PM EDT

    Sam Mikulak AP

    Four past U.S. all-around champions are in the field in Pittsburgh.

  6. Allyson Felix beats Tori Bowie in Stockholm

    Aug 21, 2014, 4:01 PM EDT

    Allyson Felix Getty Images

    Also, a rare defeat for Olympic pole vault champion.

  7. Gabby Douglas plans on fall training camp, 2015 Secret Classic

    Aug 21, 2014, 2:44 PM EDT

    Gabby Douglas Getty Images

    Olympic all-around champion says she’ll stay in Columbus through 2016 Olympics.

  8. Katie Ledecky wins 2 Pan Pacs titles; Missy Franklin places 3rd

    Aug 21, 2014, 11:26 AM EDT

    Katie Ledecky AP

    Ledecky nearly broke another world record.

  9. Frenchman wins Youth Olympics dunk contest gold medal

    Aug 21, 2014, 9:53 AM EDT

    Basketball

    NBA legends channeled; Olympic silver medalist on judging panel.

  10. Youth Olympics shooter oversleeps, misses chance at medal

    Aug 21, 2014, 7:49 AM EDT

    Youth Olympics Pistol Getty Images

    Ukrainian’s error costs Moldovan teammate a shot at the podium.

  11. Missy Franklin overcomes back injury to qualify for Pan Pacs final

    Aug 20, 2014, 11:59 PM EDT

    Missy Franklin Getty Images

    U.S. star first suffered back spasms at Tuesday practice.

  12. Simone Biles a tall favorite at P&G Championships; women’s preview

    Aug 20, 2014, 5:44 PM EDT

    Simone Biles Getty Images

    Defending champion feels no added pressure despite seeing her face all around Pittsburgh.

  13. Jennie Finch, Lisa Fernandez weigh in on Mo’ne Davis

    Aug 20, 2014, 3:56 PM EDT

    Jennie Finch Getty Images

    Would Davis excel in softball if she tried it?

  14. France, Australia win first Youth Olympic rugby titles

    Aug 20, 2014, 9:23 AM EDT

    Rugby Getty Images

    First medals awarded on an Olympic stage in rugby since 1924.

  15. London Olympian wins historic bronze at Youth Olympics (video)

    Aug 20, 2014, 8:46 AM EDT

    Lily Zhang Getty Images

    Lily Zhang scored a breakthrough for U.S. table tennis.

Featured video

Yogging a hit at Youth Olympic Games